What is Cannabis?
Cannabis 101 will provide a high-level overview of the core components of the plant. The cannabis plant really is an amazing species and I ask that you try to quiet the stigma you have been fed over the years and be open to learning the truth about its therapeutic benefits.
Cannabis is part of the Cannabaceae flowering plant family and includes the species Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis. The plants grown today are a hybrid of Sativa and Indica species. Have you ever been to a dispensary and felt overwhelmed by the array of strain options? Don’t worry, we have all been there. It’s ok to rely on a budtender to help you choose a strain that will fit your needs. Growers who understand the origin and attributes of cannabis seeds have the ability to create unique strains. Some growers will cross-breed strains in order to create new strains. To learn more, check out this Leafly article.
Cannabis is inclusive of all species, strains, and varieties (i.e. hemp and weed) of the plant.
Trichomes are the sticky crystal-like hairs you see on the flower bud. The trichomes are where all the magic happens. They are responsible for producing phytocannabinoids which are the compounds of the plant that provide therapeutic benefits.
Examples of phytocannabinoids are Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). There are over 100 cannabinoids that exist in the cannabis plant. CBD and THC are the most abundant and most researched; however, researchers are beginning to study the benefits of other cannabinoids like Cannabinol (CBN). This is an exciting time to be in the cannabis industry and I look forward to learning more about what researchers discover.
Terpenes are what provide cannabis strains their distinct aromas and contribute to the therapeutic effects. Guess what, they are also in our food! The aroma you smell from oranges, lemons, and limes are from its terpene profile. Terpenes work synergistically with cannabinoids to provide its therapeutic magic.
Common terpenes in cannabis are:
- Limonene – citrus aroma; anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, anti-acne
- a-Pinene – pine aroma; anti-inflammatory, memory boosting
- Linalool – lavender aroma; pain-relieving, sedative
- Myrcene – earthy/clove aroma; muscle-relaxant
- Eucalyptol – eucalyptus aroma; pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory
To learn more, check out this Project CBD article.
Hemp and Weed – What’s the Difference?
Understanding the difference between hemp and weed can be confusing – Cannabis 101 is here to help! Hemp and weed are technically varieties of the cannabis plant, they are not their own species. The % of THC found in each variety is the key differentiator between them, as follows:
- Hemp has =<0.3% THC – does not produce the euphoric head high
- Weed has >0.3% THC – produces the euphoric head high
Hemp has been used for over 10,000 years to produce textiles, food, plastic, clothing, medicine and more. Weed has been used for thousands of years for medicinal purposes to reduce nausea, improve appetite, chronic pain relief, and the euphoric “high” feeling.
Both varieties are special in their unique way providing proven therapeutic benefits. All varieties of the cannabis plant should be decriminalized and legalized.
Be Jubie will continue to bring awareness to the plant and normalize cannabis through education. Let us know what you thought about Cannabis 101. Please comment below or DM us on Instagram.